The first and fundamental step in the creative process is to have a clear notion of what
the problem is and to be able to state it clearly. The effective thinker begins by first
focusing on the structure of the problem, rather than its technical detail. Also brought
into working memory from creative operations are the potential solutions. These come from
each person's permanent memory store, his or her lifetime database of knowledge and
experience. Other potential alternatives are brought in from such external sources of
input as reading, ideas from colleagues, data-bases, and other sources. The articles, "The
Nature of Scientific Reasoning" written by William R.Hanna and "The Eureka Phenomenon"
written by Isaac Asimov brilliantly compare different ways of scientific course of thought
and approaches to problem solving.
Isaac Asimov's approach to problem solving is a unique one. He says that in any given
situation let your mind relax after heading a road block while doing any sort of critical
thinking. He goes onto mention how a bright man, Archimedes, solved a relatively hard
problem for king Heiron II by having a flash of deep insight during a moment of
relaxation. However, Hanna talks about thought in a more critical manner. His point of