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“The Persian Wars were as important to the supremacy of Athens, as the Peloponnesian Wars were to supremacy of Sparta”. It started with the Greeks growing population, and some migrated along the Mediterranean Sea for new land. They settled along the eastern side of the Aegean Sea, right next to Persia. Thus, Persia taxed them, which resulted in a war breaking out. Persia conquered everyone they met at first. King Darius (king of Persia) sent messages to Athens and Sparta, telling them surrender; which they refused.
Darius, now furious with the Greeks sent his army to fight at Marathon which was 26 miles away from Athens. The Persians lost this battle, a runner was sent to Athens to tell them of their victory. The Persians ran out of supplies and returned after the defeat of Marathon. The second invasion of Greece by the Persians happened in the year 480 BC. Xerxes was the Persian King at this time. He gathered a huge army. This army attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae, a town just north of Athens. Three hundred Spartans under the leadership of King Leonidas fought in this battle. This gave the Athenians enough time to leave the city before the Persians came. It also gave Athens navy time to regroup which was a key to the Greeks success. The combined forces of the strong Athenian navy and the Spartan warriors defeated the Persians. This shows the supremacy of the Athenians because they were the main factor in the war. The Athenians gave depth to the Greeks army, because they ...